Two: Description of the Metres

 

2.12 Rathoddhatā and Pupphitaggā (Puṣpitāgrā)

These are the two fixed metres derived from the above.

Rathoddhatā (a Vetālīya even pāda):

⏑−⏑⏔⏑¦−⏑−⏑×   (x4)

Similarly Pupphitaggā (from Opacchandasaka) in the Canon is still somewhat flexible:

⏔⏔⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−×

⏔⏔−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−×   (x2)

with occasional resolution of a heavy syllable elsewhere. In its post-canonical form the opening of the first line was fixed as ⏑⏑⏑⏑⏑⏑ and the second as ⏑⏑⏑⏑−⏑⏑.

In both of these metres the fixed forms have unusual variations in the openings, the latter especially showing the Classical period's fondness for runs of light syllables.

Examples: Rathoddhatā, early: Gotama's gāthās Th 258-260; Ambapālī's gāthās Thī 252-270; late: Kuṇāla Jātaka Ja 536. Both metres are used independently in Lakkhaṇasuttanta D.30.

Rathoddhatā example Ambapālī's gāthā (Thī 256):   read

−⏑−⏑⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−
Cittakārasukatā va lekhitā,

−⏑−⏑⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−
sobhate su bhamukā pure mama,

−⏑−⏑⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−
tā jarāya valihī palambitā,

−⏑−⏑⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−
saccavādivacanaṁ anaññathā.

 

Pupphitaggā example from Lakkhaṇasuttanta (D. 30. 1. 12):   read

⏑⏑⏑⏑⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−−
Tihi purisavaraggalakkhaṇehi The text here is based on K.R.Norman's reconstruction in The metres of the Lakkhaṇa-suttanta (II). CP IV, pgs 36ff.01

⏑⏑⏑⏑−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−−
cirayapanāya kumāram-ādisanti.

⏑⏑⏑⏑⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−−
Bhavati yadi gihī ciraṁ yapeti,

⏑⏑⏑⏑−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−−
ciratarapabbajatī yadī tato hi,

−⏑⏑⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−−
yāpayati vasiddhibhāvanāya,

⏑⏑−−⏑⏑¦−⏑−⏑−−
iti dīghāyukatāya tan-nimittan-ti

 

 

last updated: March 2006